Journal of Information Security Reserach ›› 2023, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (6): 533-.

Previous Articles     Next Articles

ChatGPT’s Security Threaten Research


  • Online:2023-06-04 Published:2023-06-03



  1. (西安电子科技大学网络与信息安全学院西安710126)
  • 通讯作者: 朱孟垚 硕士,助理研究员.主要研究方向为网络空间安全、人工智能安全.
  • 作者简介:朱孟垚 硕士,助理研究员.主要研究方向为网络空间安全、人工智能安全. 李兴华 教授,博士生导师.主要研究方向为网络与系统安全、物联网安全、无线网络安全.

Abstract: With the rapid development of deep learning technology and natural language processing technology, the large language model represented by ChatGPT came into being. However, while showing surprising capabilities in many fields, ChatgPT also exposed many security threats, which aroused the concerns of academia and industry. This paper first introduces the development history, working mode, and training methods of ChatGPT and its series models, then summarizes and analyzes various current security problems that ChatGPT may encounter and divides it into two levels: user and model. Then, countermeasures and solutions are proposed according to the characteristics of ChatGPT at each stage. Finally, this paper looks forward to developing a safe and trusted ChatGPT and a large language model.

Key words: ChatGPT, large langue model, artificial intelligent security, data security, privacy preserve

摘要: 随着深度学习技术与自然语言处理技术的快速发展,以ChatGPT为代表的大型语言模型应运而生,然而其在诸多领域展现出令人惊讶的能力的同时,也暴露出诸多安全威胁,这引发了学术界与产业界的担忧.首先,介绍了ChatGPT及其系列模型的发展历程、工作模式与训练方式;然后,从用户和模型2个层面总结并分析了当前ChatGPT可能遇到的各类安全问题,并提出应对思路与方案;最后,对ChatGPT以及大型语言模型领域未来如何安全可信地发展进行了展望.

关键词: ChatGPT, 大型语言模型, 人工智能安全, 数据安全, 隐私保护